Public administration in the Czech Republic in the past 30 years has undergone many changes, which reflected social transformation in the 1990s. The aim was to improve the quality of public administration performance, its modernization, the professionalization of officials and especially to bring public administration closer to citizens through its deconcentration and decentralization. In several phases, the recent state of public administration has been developed to correspond to European standards.
Current public administration in the Czech Republic is based on the joined model. Therefore some state administration competencies are executed at the local level (municipalities). According to the scope of competencies the system of Czech municipalities is divided into three categories – type I. has only elementary competencies, type II. and type III. have advanced competencies executed for the hinterland. Stakeholders in territory are involved in discussion about distribution of competencies between the categories. Using of mobile positioning data is promising analytical tool for decision making.
Since society is still evolving, the development of public administration should correspond to social-economic trends. Population and migration trends in the territory valid 10 years ago don´t correspond with the recent situation. Continuously it has been discussed, whether the network of public authorities in the Czech Republic should be changed. There is a discussion about the number of authorities, whether it is too low or high and whether the public authorities network corresponds with a concentration of population and its commuting linkages.
The Ministry of the Interior has decided to use so-called mobile positioning data from mobile data providers as input for solving these discussions. In terms of public administration of the Czech Republic this represents the unique and innovative approach of collecting data on population behaviour. In comparison with common approaches, this type of data is an unique information source, which provides a precise and complex overview of the migration of population. The approach follows the fact that almost everyone is trackable because of using a mobile phone for the whole day. Mobile operators provide the anonymous data for analytical purposes related to location of the SIM card users - usual residence, work location and location of services.
Presented project basically consists of three pilot projects of the Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic, which successfully tested mobile positioning data on local level before this approach will be fully used on the national level.
|Award category:||new solutions to complex challenges - a public sector citizen-centric, sustainable and fit for the future - european or national level|
|Sector:||Public administration, modernisation, institutional affairs, reform|
|Type of activity:|
|Keywords:||big data; geolocation; availability; public administration|
|Short English description:||Public administration in the Czech Republic in the past 30 years has undergone many changes, which reflected social transformation in the 1990s. The aim was to improve the quality of public administration performance, its modernization, the professionalization of officials and especially to bring public administration closer to citizens through its deconcentration and decentralization. In several phases, the recent state of public administration has been developed to correspond to European standards.|
|Organisation:||Department for Strategic Development and Coordination of Public Administration (Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic)|
|Level of government:||national level|
|Size of organisation:||25-50|
|Number of people involved:||1-5|
|EU membership:||EU member|