The Project named ‘Roads without Borders for a United Europe’ was implemented within the Romania - Ukraine Neighbourhood Programme 2004-2006, on the PHARE CBC Component. The implementation lasted for 12 months covering the geographical area of Romania (Northeastern Region - Botoşani County) and the Ukraine (Chernivsky Region - Herta District). Its aim was to re-activate a network of roads for the enhancement of economic cooperation between the people living on both banks of the Prut River.
The project was of great importance, given the fact that, after Romania joined the European Union, its border with the Ukraine, measuring 52.1 km, became the European Union’s external border with the former Soviet country. When signing the Adhesion Treaty, Romania assumed responsibility for supporting the Eastward enlargement and creating such paths for cooperation was a must. Botosani County has two country borders: with the Ukraine, in the North (through Racovăţ Check Point) and with the Republic of Moldova in the East (through Stanca Customs Point). There was strong evidence that this road network between Botosani County and Herta District had been active in the past and that it had improved commercial exchanges long before historical events drew a border between the two regions. Founded in 1985, the Racovat Simplified Check Point was (and still is) perceived as a ‘soul bridge’ for the population of the two countries, keeping an active cooperation across the border. After the fall of communism in 1989, the Simplified Check Point in Racovat was a means of connection between the two peoples, making visits, meetings or delegation exchanges possible. The lack of consistent funds for the hard infrastructure had negative effects upon the transport network in the North of Botosani County. As a consequence, the roads were constantly damaged, which made access across the border more difficult. Infrastructure recovery was of a high priority for the progress of the region and the recovery of this route seemed necessary because it was part of the Ninth Pan- European Corridor (Helsinki-Adrianopolis), which crosses the European Union through the East of the Continent. At the same time, this route was the shortest way between Racovat and Stanca checkpoints, saving time, fuel and financial resources for the final beneficiaries.
The recovery works could not be started without a specialised Feasibility Study. The project also paid attention to the human resources necessary for the good course of the activities; in this context two training modules were held for 14 persons from the Herta District administration and 10 persons from the public administration of Botosani County, who acquired common knowledge, teamwork abilities and the capacity to use the terms and language of the European operational system in the Member and Candidate States. The implementation of this action was meant to raise the visibility of the EU intervention in the area and to make the population understand the necessity of correlated and integrated programmes dedicated to this area of common interest.
|Award category:||partnership working|
|Sector:||Education (higher and lower), training and learning|
|Type of activity:||cooperation|
|Keywords:||Cross-border project, roads and infrastructure|
|Short English description:||Its aim was to re-activate a network of roads for the enhancement of economic cooperation between the people living on both banks of the Prut River|
|Organisation:||Botosani County Council|
|Level of government:||regional level|
|Size of organisation:||>100|
|Number of people involved:|
|EU membership:||EU member|